OCyT Indicadores de ciencia y tecnología 2013 - page 14

find that this enables the retrospective construction of time series, while Colciencias
criteria results from periodic exercises where the requirements are subject to change
as a policy decision.
Information on the projects approved to be financed by the STI fund of the
general system of royalties, breakdown by region or Colciencias’ national strategies
and programs, will allow to make these resources subject of social control and
monitoring. We have not included these resources in the national investment because
our methodology accounts for executed resources to avoid double counting. Due
that these are not directly managed by Colciencias, we chose to devote a separate
chapter to this information.
The development of the mentioned surveys prove our capacity: i) to design
questionnaires based on the analysis of national and international literature as
well as relevant international manuals and standards; ii) to organize operatives
to gather information which can be of diverse nature; iii) to process information
and to produce rigorous and reliable indicators. The III ENPPCyT, for example, was
applied through face to face interviewing of 6.113 persons on eleven Colombian
cities, for which services from a firm specialized in this type of operatives were used,
the OCyT did the design of the questionnaire, the methodology and the sample.
Although perception surveys are not applied with a high frequency, they need a
regular application in order to monitor changes in the interests and assessments that
citizens hold on science, technology and innovation. We hope to be able to repeat
this exercise in less than 10 years.
The R&D survey was applied to a sample of 32 universities, public and private,
selected according to a set of criteria among which were having been granted
the high quality institutional accreditation by the Education Ministry, the total
number of research groups and doctoral programs offered by the university. In
order to obtain more precise information on the investment and human resources
devoted to STI, support was permanently provided to the universities. Additionally,
information obtained from the survey on human resources was integrated with
data from ScienTI and SNIES in order to obtain a consolidated panel of personnel
staff with potential to engage in R&D activities. Thanks to the application of the
survey we have a more accurate picture of the efforts universities orient to STI in
the period 2010-2012.
The R&D survey will continue to be applied annually to universities, although
at the aggregate and not individual level (no microdata collection). We will be
also expanding the universe to other organizations engaged in these activities in
the country. In both cases, limitations on the availability, access and use of the
information at the individual level must be considered in relation to the difficulties
associated to the treatment and validation of this information in the framework of
recent legislations on protection of individual´s information. The survey allowed
a closer and more accurate representation of resources and inputs for R&D in the
higher education sector; it also increases comparability with international manuals
and referents, specifically those of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD) and UNESCO.
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